1990s Studies and Trials
NCI-sponsored studies in China show importance of nutrition in preventing cancer.
The Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovarian Cancer Screening Trial begins recruiting 148,000 volunteers (the largest early detection study).
Annual guaiac fecal occult blood testing (FOBT) is shown to reduce colorectal cancer deaths by one-third.
Cancer Genome Anatomy Project is launched, a multi-year project to assemble the first index of genes involved in cancer.
Results of the Breast Cancer Prevention Trial, which tested tamoxifen as a preventive agent, showed that the drug could reduce the incidence of breast cancer by half in women at increased risk of developing the disease.